July 3, 2017

0913, 2039, 3105 CZECH REPUBLIC (Zlin) - The traditional clothes in Haná region


0913 Children from Haná in traditional clothes

Posted on 24.12.2013, 15.11.2015, 03.07.2017
In addition to its agricultural productivity, Haná (or Hanakia), an ethnic region in central Moravia, located mainly in the lowlands of the Morava River and the Bečva River, is known for its costumes, traditional customs, and Hanakian dialect, still spoken nowadays. The traditional clothes fully correspond to the character of the region, i.e. are dignified and attractive. The male attire can give the impression of being too opulent and boastful, but it's very beautiful, and has the most varied accessories.
 
2039 Little girl from Haná in traditional clothes

The Haná costume is distinguished according to individual localities, particularly through the color of the trousers - gate - and the tunic or the shape of the hat. For example, a Haná native in Kroměříž, Holešov and Prostějov would have red leather trousers (bane) tied under the knees with tassels. The calves from the knees to the ankles are clothed in linen leg wraps, or velický. These cover about a third of the boots, which are high, and shiny with a woollen rosette on top at the front. The Haná waistcoat is green, colorfully embroidered around the holes and adorned with bright (often silver) buttons.

3105 Peasants from Haná on wheat harvest
at the end of the 19th century (reconstitution)

There is a leather, nicely embroidered belt, about as wide as a palm, around the body. The most interesting are the belts made in the vicinity of Litovel, which were adorned with fine metal strips hammered into them and often combined with embroidery of very narrow straps of multicolored leather. Typical women’s folk dresses consist of petticoats, mudflaps, embroidered bodices, embroidered lace shirts, collar, main trimmed skirt, folk shoes, wreaths, scarves, and caps.

Men's work clothes was pretty much the same in all of the center and east of Europe, and Haná was no exception: a white shirt made from hemp, linen or woollen fabric, white trousers from wool in winter, and in summer from a thinner fabric, hat, belt, and waistcoat. The women wore a long dress or a high-belted skirt (oplicko) and a short bolero jacket with a large collar. They hid their hair with a headscarve, a bonnet, or both.

In Zlin hundreds of local folk festivals are held each year, being one of the most active regions on the old continent in this regard. One of the most famous are the Haná Festivities in Chropyně, which are held in the last weekend of May in every odd-numbered year. They are held in the premises of the castle park and in the square and are always accompanied by a fair with an exhibition of traditional crafts and by entertainment, one can also see a performance of renowned musical groups.

About the stamps
On the postcard 0913
The stamp is part of the series World Cars, designed by Vaclav Zapadlik and issued on September 5, 2012. The series contain six stamps with the same face value (E):
• Duesenberg SJ 1933
• Wikov 70 1931
• Mercedes Benz 540 1936
• Rolls Royce Phantom III 1938
• Bugatti Royale 41 1934
• Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8A 1929 - It's on the postcard 0913

On the postcard 2039
The stamp is one of the two issued on May 26, 2010 to mark the 150th Anniversary of Birth of Alfons Mucha.

On the postcard 3105 

The stamp, designed by Michal Brix, was issued on April 5, 2017, to mark the 80th Anniversary of Prague Airport.  

References
Haná - Wikipedia
Folk Costumes - Hello Czech Republic
Folk Costumes - czech.cz

Sender 0913, 2039: Otto Kalousek (direct swap)
Sent from Ostrava (Moravia-Silezia / Czech Republic), on 27.04.2013
Sender 3105: Petra Nováková (postcrossing lottery)
Sent from Prague (Prague / Czech Republic), on 24.06.2017
Photo: Pavel Kolman

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